High-Oleic Canola Oil Eligible for New Qualified Health Claim Consuming this Oil in Place of Saturated Fat Can Reduce Risk of Heart Disease

WASHINGTON, DC — Not only can regular canola oil reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, but also high-oleic canola oil: The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized on Nov. 19 a qualified health claim that consuming edible oils containing at least 70 percent of the monounsaturated fat oleic acid per serving may reduce the risk of heart disease.

High-oleic canola oil is primarily used in commercial food service operations and food manufacturing due to its higher heat tolerance, more stability and longer shelf life than regular canola oil. Both oils have the same low level of saturated fat but high-oleic canola oil, as its name suggests, contains more oleic acid (and thereby less polyunsaturated fats). This profile makes high-oleic canola oil ideal as a replacement for partially hydrogenated (PH) oils, which account for about 80 percent of remaining dietary trans fat in North America via food products and food service.

 

“When greater performance is desired in a commercial kitchen, high-oleic canola oil is an ideal choice,” notes U.S. Canola Association President Rob Rynning. “It allows for extended fry life and cost efficiencies with the same heart health benefits as regular canola oil. As a result, high-oleic canola oil is becoming popular among U.S. restaurants and food service operations, including universities, state fairs, resorts and supermarket delis, as they continue to strive to eliminate artificial trans fat from their menus.”

 

A 2006 study by Texas A&M University showed that high-oleic canola oil has excellent fry life and is functionally equivalent to or better than PH oils. Yet unlike PH oils, high-oleic canola oil does not contain any trans fat. It has roughly 70 percent monounsaturated fat and a high smoke point (475 °F/246 °C) – slightly higher than regular canola oil.

“Using the FDA’s labeling tools to foster innovation toward healthier foods that consumers want is one of the primary goals of the FDA’s Nutrition Innovation Strategy,” says FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, M.D. “One tool the FDA has to help bring us closer to this important goal is the use of ‘health claims’ on food package labels … By allowing such claims, we at the FDA also hope to encourage the food industry to reformulate products.”

Based on its review of available scientific evidence, the FDA now permits manufacturers of high-oleic edible oils to use the following two claims on labels and in promotional materials:

“Supportive but not conclusive scientific evidence suggests that daily consumption of about 1½ tablespoons (20 grams) of oils containing high levels of oleic acid, when replaced for fats and oils higher in saturated fat, may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. To achieve this possible benefit, oleic acid-containing oils should not increase the total number of calories you eat in a day. One serving of [x] oil provides [x] grams of oleic acid (which is [x] grams of monounsaturated fatty acid).”

“Supportive but not conclusive scientific evidence suggests that daily consumption of about 1½ tablespoons (20 grams) of oils containing high levels of oleic acid, may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. To achieve this possible benefit, oleic acid-containing oils should replace fats and oils higher in saturated fat and not increase the total number of calories you eat in a day. One serving of [x] oil provides [x] grams of oleic acid (which is [x] grams of monounsaturated fatty acid.”

“High-oleic canola oil offers a heart-healthy alternative to sources of both trans and saturated fats in food products and food service operations,” Rynning concludes. “It’s good for both the food industry and consumers.”

Story by: Angela Dansby  angela@uscanola.com

For more information about canola oil, go to www.uscanola.com

USDA October Crop Report Shows Record Canola Production

The first production forecast for 2018 is 3.62 billion pounds, up 16 percent from the 2017 production of 3.12 billion pounds. If realized, this will be the largest production on record for the United States. Area planted, at 1.99 million acres, is down 3 percent from the June estimate and down 4 percent from last year’s record high area. Canola farmers expect to harvest 1.94 million acres, down 4 percent from June and down 3 percent from 2017. If realized, harvested area for the Nation will be the second largest on record. The October yield forecast, at a record high 1,864 pounds per acre, is 306 pounds above last year’s yield. If realized, the yield forecast in Idaho, North Dakota, and Washington will be the highest on record since the published data series began for those States.

The yield in North Dakota, the largest canola-producing State, is forecast at 1,920 pounds per acre, up 290 pounds from last year’s yield. Planted area in North Dakota is estimated at 1.59 million acres, unchanged from last year’s record high. Planting of the canola crop in North Dakota was generally behind last year’s pace, and didn’t catch up to the 5-year average until near the end of May. Blooming of the canola crop began in early June behind both last year’s pace and the 5-year average pace. By July 1, blooming of the canola crop had advanced ahead of both last year’s pace and the 5-year average pace. Maturation of the crop remained mostly ahead of both last year’s pace and the 5-year average pace for the remainder of the growing season and harvest was underway by early August. Harvest progress reached 91 percent complete by September 23, three percentage points behind last year but 2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. Ninety-four percent of the crop was harvested by September 30.

 

NCGA Requests Canola Be Included in Aid Package

The Northern Canola Growers Association has sent in a request to the North Dakota delegation that canola be included as an eligible commodity under the proposed $12 Billion Aid Package that was announced recently by USDA Ag Secretary Sonny Perdue.  Canola prices have dropped significantly recently along with soybeans in reaction to the trade dispute with China.  While canola has not had a tariff imposed upon it, canola growers are still suffering the same drop in revenue and inclusion of canola would be equitable for growers.  Below is the text of the request:

The Northern Canola Growers Association wishes to express its grave concern that canola has not been listed as an eligible commodity under the proposed $12 billion aid package.  We assume that one of the reasons is that canola has not had a tariff imposed on it.

While it is true that a tariff has not been imposed on canola by any major importing countries, this does not mean canola growers have not seen severe negative impacts to their bottom lines as a result of the vicious drop in canola price.  Historical prices prove the strong relationship between canola and soybean prices and as the soybean price has dropped, so has canola.

Local cash prices at ADM Velva for new crop canola dropped from $17.31 on June 1 to $15.21 by mid-July.  Based on an average yield of 1,850 pounds/acre, canola growers will receive $38.85 less per acre.  This means a revenue loss of $64 million for North Dakota canola growers!

We therefore request that canola be included in the announced aid package as an eligible commodity so that canola growers can share in the recovery of some of the lost revenue as a result of the ongoing trade dispute.

Thank you for your consideration of our request.

CLUBROOT OF CANOLA ALERT

Canola growers are strongly encouraged to scout canola fields for clubroot; particularly growers in Cavalier County.
In North Dakota, confirmation of clubroot has been limited to few localized fields in Cavalier County. However, clubroot likely occurs in more fields than currently detected and favorable conditions for disease development and symptom expression at the end of the season have opened a critical window for scouting.
Infected plants are less tolerant to warm and dry conditions because their root system has been compromised by clubroot (Fig. 1). The dry conditions that prevailed during the past several weeks have stressed canola plants with clubroot, accentuated disease symptoms and made them much more visible. As stressed plants die prematurely, patches in fields that may resemble drought-stress appear (Fig. 2). Infected roots have galls that are brittle and may disintegrate easily when plants are pulled from the ground (Fig. 3).

NDSU Extension and canola pathology personnel, with support from the Northern Canola Growers Association, are conducting end-of-season field surveys to identify infested fields, but surveyors typically scout a relatively small number of fields in each county. We suggest growers investigate ‘dry spots’, use a shovel to dig out plants, and investigate roots for galling. Growers who suspect clubroot are encouraged to contact Dr. Venkata Chapara at the Langdon REC (701-256-2582), Dr. Anitha Chirumamilla at the Cavalier County Extension office (701-256-2560) or Dr. Luis del Río Mendoza in the Department of Plant Pathology (701-231-8362) or through NDSU Extension (701-231-8363). The NDSU canola pathology program led by Dr. del Río Mendoza has the capability to perform laboratory tests to verify clubroot presence in soil samples.
Growers who know their fields are infested with clubroot should take precautions to reduce its spread to other areas. Some of these precautions include working the ground of infested fields the last and cleaning the equipment before leaving the infested fields to avoid moving chunks of dirt in it. Tillage operations, like disking, plowing, and harrowing, facilitate the distribution of clubroot resting spores from galls into the soil profile and may bring some spores to its surface; thus, we recommend using no-till practices in infested fields. Spores located in the soil surface may be spread by equipment, wind, water overflow, and on boots. When walking on infested fields, we recommend wearing disposable shoe covers to minimize transport of soil.
In the upcoming year, growers who grow canola in areas where clubroot is known to occur are encouraged to plant clubroot-resistant hybrids and consider extending crop rotations to three years with non-host plants like wheat, barley, soybeans, or corn before planting canola again.

 

 

 

Sam Markell
Extension Plant Pathologist, Broad-leaf Crops

Venkat Chapara
Area Extension Specialist/Crop Protection
NCREC, Minot, ND-58701

Luis del Rio Mendoza
NDSU Plant Pathology Professor

SUMMER FLEA BEETLES FEEDING ON CANOLA PODS

The summer population of flea beetles has emerged in large
numbers this year. Flea beetles are being observed in maturing canola
fields (North Central ND; Source: Brady Schmaltz, Arthur Companies),
Brassicas crops being used as cover crops (i.e., radishes) and in backyard
gardens. For canola, there is no established Economic Threshold for flea
beetle feeding injury on pods. Flea beetle feeding injury on pods is
usually most significant on late-planted canola and on the upper pods.
Fortunately, the lower pods of canola are the primary pods that provide
most of the canola yield. However, flea beetle feeding injury on pods can
result in poor seed fill, premature pod drying, or pod shattering. If the
canola is mature, pass the 5.2 growth stages (when seeds in lower pods
have turned translucent to green), then yield will probably be less
impacted by flea beetle feeding. In a flea beetle trapping study of freshly
swathed canola, the number of flea beetles per trap decreased
dramatically after 7-days of drying in swath. Flea beetles are mobile
insects and fly around to find ‘greener’ canola fields (late-planted) for
summer feeding.
Insecticides registered for flea beetle control with a short, 7 day Pre-Harvest Interval (PHI) include: Delta Gold
(deltamethrin), Declare (Gamma-cyhalothrin), Warrior II and generics (lambda-cyhalothrin), and Mustang Maxx (zetacypermethrin).
Insecticides that are labeled to control flea beetles on canola are listed in 2018 North Dakota Field Crop
Insect Management Guide E-1143.

SCOUT FOR BERTHA ARMYWORM IN CANOLA

Mature bertha armyworm larvae were found feeding on the pods of canola in northcentral McHenry County (Source: Kristine Keller, Farmers Union Oil of Velva, Butte, Drake and Anamoose). Older larvae reach a length of ¾ to 1½ inch and are velvety brown to black with a yellowish band along each side of the body. As leaves dry, these larvae begin feeding on pods or flowers. The greatest risk of crop injury occurs in August as the worms are mature. Larvae chew holes in the pods, eat the seeds and cause premature shattering. Mature larvae eat approximately 85% of the plant materials consumed during their larval development. Larvae feed at night and often hide underneath leaf litter and clumps of soil during the day, which makes them difficult to see when scouting.
The Economic Thresholds is an average of 20 to 32 larvae per square yard with insecticide + application costs of $6.50 to $10 per acre, respectively. However, thresholds may need to be lowered if larvae are feeding on maturing pods at high population densities.
Fields above the economic threshold level should ideally be sprayed once the hatch is complete and when larvae are small about ½ inch. Apply a well-timed insecticide in early morning or late evening when larvae are actively feeding. High volumes of water should be used for good coverage of the dense canola canopy. Insecticides that are registered to control bertha armyworm on canola are listed in 2018 North Dakota Field Crop Insect Management Guide E-1143. When larvae are mature, 1½ inch long, they are close to the pupal stage, which is a non-feeding, resting stage. So, no insecticides are necessary this late in the insect’s development and the feeding damage is already done.
Please see the NDSU Extension publication on Bertha armyworm in Canola: Biology and Integrated Pest Management E1347 (revised) for more information.

Ag alert: Early detection of Clubroot in Canola during flowering stage

Venkat Chapara, Plant Pathologist, NDSU/Langdon Research Extension Center, Langdon, ND 58249

Clubroot in Cavalier County

Ag Alert: Early Detection of Clubroot in Canola during Flowering Stage

Venkat Chapara, Plant Pathologist, NDSU/Langdon Research Extension Center

Clubroot on Canola has been identified in five out of six canola fields at flowering stage scouted over the last five days in Cavalier County. Last year it was noticed in six out of 59 fields scouted at the end of the season (swathing). By the end of this season it may be in more fields than expected!

Clubroot on Canola is caused by a soil borne pathogen which has the characteristics of plant, animal and fungi for which there is no silver bullet for control. Once in the soil, it can live up to 17 years!

Management:
Sanitation of equipment, longer crop rotations (at least 2-3 years) and using resistant varieties can minimize yield losses.

Please call the Langdon Research Extension Center (256-2582) or the Cavalier County Extension Office (256-2560), if you suspect any abnormality in the growth of your canola crop.

Picture 1: Severely infected field with clubroot- Notice stunted growth and death of the plants.

Picture 2: Galls on canola roots infected with Clubroot.

UPCOMING RESEARCH TOURS

Minot – Wednesday, July 18th, the NDSU North Central Research Center will hold its Annual Crop Tour.

 

The tour begins at 8:30 a.m. and will conclude by noon.  A major focus will be on intercropping, weed control in canola and managing soil salinity.  Center scientists are studying 34 intercropping combinations, and include canola and field peas.  In addition, NDSU will host a crop pest diagnostic clinic. Producers are encouraged to bring in plant samples. They’ll also have an opportunity to have one-on-one consultations with experts on weed, insect and disease control issues.

 

Langdon – The Northern Canola Growers Association is hosting a tour in conjunction with the Langdon Research Extension Center on Thursday, July 19th at the station just east of Langdon.  Diseases and insects affecting canola are among the issues that will be covered during the annual field tour July 19.

 

The program begins at 8 a.m. with doughnuts and coffee provided by the Northern Canola Growers Association. The tour starts at 8:30.

 

Topics and presenters include:

 

* Canola growing season insect update – Lesley Lubenow, NDSU Extension cropping systems specialist at the center

 

* Clubroot/canola disease update – Venkat Chapara, research assistant professor at the center

 

* Unmanned aerial systems imaging demonstration – John Nowatzki, NDSU Extension ag machine systems specialist

 

The tour also includes a presentation on the center’s research on weed and blackleg pressure in canola cropping systems; and a noon lunch sponsored by the Northern Canola Growers Association.